Ambassador of Iran in Ecuador: “It is the United States that needs to come back to the dialogue table.”

Interview with the Ambassador of Iran in Ecuador, Saadat Aghajani, over the nuclear crisis and its relationship with the US.

In 2015, after prolonged rounds of negotiations the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) over the Iranian nuclear deal was signed. THe JCPOA was made up of the Group 5 + 1 (United States, Russia, China, UK, France, Germany) and Iran.

A year ago, the United States announced that his country would withdraw from the nuclear deal with Iran because according to its president, Donald Trump, Iran was “the biggest exporter of terrorism”, also, because the accord was “deficient”. Trump also sanctioned Iran to pressure the country.

In light of Trump’s decision, the Islamic Republic of Iran announced a “decrease in their commitments” in the context of the nuclear deal. Iran asked the European Union to guarantee the commitment of its responsibilities with the accord and confirmed that it will still sell its oil.

To talk about this, was joined by the Ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Ecuador, Saadat Aghajani.

The president of the United States, Donald Trump, declared that he wants to avoid a war with Iran, nonetheless, he has at least 7 warships close to Iran, including an aircraft carrier. What is your take on this?

The behaviour that the president of the United States has adopted since he was elected president comes from the fear he has over the loss of the hegemony of the United States worldwide. This fear was noticed since his electoral campaigns, his electoral emblem was to bring back times of greatness to the US, but according to him, for this to happen, he had to take some decisions. First, try to defeat China through a war on custom tariffs and the second step was to create conflict in the Middle East, a region that has the major source of energy in the world.

United States has created an artificial crisis, it has increased military presence in the region, has sold weapons of billions of dollars in our region and has removed itself from various international accords.

President Trump wants to establish hegemony in energy in the world, that is why it’s understandable the attacks against Iran and Venezuela. The South American country has the largest oil reserves in the world. Iran is in fourth place of oil reserves and is in first place of gas reserves. The US wants to remove Iran and Venezuela out of the energy market and maintain themselves there.

All US politics cover geopolitical topics. The objective is to remove Iran out of the energy market, something that they’ve been unable to do. They have tried to interfere in the economy of Iran through sanctions and pressions, and on the other side, they are trying to execute a psychological war.

That is where we can detect the presence of warships and the bombers B-52.

On the other hand, to maintain their image they want distort news and misinform people about Iran.  Nonetheless, we have seen the international community, including in the US, that have paid close attention to this topic.

In the United States we can see that the Senate and the House of Representatives is very concerned about false information and demand the government for verified information. We see the same in european countries, also in China and in Russia. We think that president Trump is doing a series of actions and pressions so that Iran retracts from its positions.

After this type of crisis, Iran informed the ambassadors of the signatory countries of the nuclear pact about their decision to “stop fulfilling part of its obligations” in the framework of the agreement?

After long and extensive rounds of negotiations, Iran sealed on july 2015 in Vienna an accord in which Tehran reduced its nuclear program in exchange of the lifting of international sanctions that strangled their economy. The pact was considered a victory for diplomacy that weakened the supposed threat of Tehran of building nuclear weapon, without any military action.

The supreme leader of Iran, the Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, said that Iran does not want a war with the United States but will Tehran continue to resist Washington?

In 2015, Iran reached an agreement with the great powers of the world. Iran never left the negotiating table, it was the United States that left the deal. Since it’s the United States that left the table, it is the United States that need to come back to the same table.

Iran has never been a country that has started a conflict or a war, but it has always been firm in the defense of their territory and their sovereignty. Our leader has mentioned that Iran has never left the negotiating table, nor does it accept dialogue by force.

We are not an aggressor country, we have not started any war, nor do we doubt in thinking about the complete defense of our country.

In 2015, the Joint Comprehensive Action Pact (PAIC) was signed on the Iranian nuclear program. The PAIC was signed in 2015 between the 5 + 1 Group (USA, Russia, China, United Kingdom, France plus Germany) and Iran.

After this kind of crisis Iran informed the ambassadors of the signatory countries of the nuclear pact about their decision to “stop fulfilling a part of obligations” under the agreement. What is your opinion?

Before Iran’s announcement of reducing or stop fulfilling part of the nuclear deal, president Trump issued an executive order where it sanctioned or blocked the sale of heavy water or enriched uranium by Iran. The intention has been to force Iran to leave this nuclear deal.

Iran’s decision of leaving part of the deal is to counter this executive order and to be able to preserve the deal. Under clause 36 of the agreement, Iran can make these decisions when there is a breach by the parties.

It is important to understand that the agreement is multilateral and all parties should fulfil their compromises. Here, I want to take this opportunity to call on european countries and the international community to fulfill their commitments.

Iran has firm positions for negotiations: Iran has never accepted dialogue based on obligations or pressures. Iran has always fulfilled its commitments in the nuclear deal.

The actions that Iran has taken are because the own deal permits them. If one of the parts leaves the deal or stops fulfilling the deal, Iran can take actions, that is perfectly legal.

The president of Iran, Hassan Rouhani, declared that Iran is giving 60 days to european countries for the negotiating dialogue, after announcing that Tehran renounces certain commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan.

What does this deadline mean and what could happen next?

This deadline of 60 days is for other signatories of the deal, apart from the United States that left it, fulfill its part to be able to preserve the nuclear deal, because during the last year we have witnessed that the United States left the deal unilaterally and has sanctioned and pressured Iran.

Saving the nuclear deal does not only depend on Iran but also on other countries, specially european countries. They must also fulfill their part so that this deal can continue to live.

The european countries have to assume the costs that could generate the fulfillment of the deal. When we signed the deal, Iran assumed its consequences and costs, that is, reducing its activities; the European countries should also fulfil their part knowing it could bring to them as well. This 60-day period is fully interpreted within the framework of compliance with the agreement.

Russian Foreign Minister, Sergey Lavrov, met with US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, where they spoke about the nuclear deal with Iran and have confidence, to a certain degree, that an agreement can be reached on this issue. What do you think about this?

Since the United States’ exit from the deal, Russia’s position has been that they need to go back to the deal. These statements are directly linked to Russia’s attempts to get the US back to the deal.

Iran has said it does not intent to negotiate with the United States after the withdrawal of Washington from the nuclear deal. Are there any possibilities of negotiation or is everything at a standstill?

Iran does not reject the principle of dialogue and negotiations. Iran has never left the negotiating table, it is the United States that has left the table. What Iran wants, primarily, is that the United States comes back to the nuclear deal. Any negotiation or dialogue will be within the framework of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan.

What Iran is saying is that dialogue should be based on the basis of mutual respect and not by force or obligations. United States talks about negotiations and dialogue just as a saying, but their intention is not really that. One can’t expect dialogue from people like National Security Adviser, John Bolton. All his politics and way of acting is based on threats and economic pressures. Dialogue has its own framework, but Mr. Bolton continues with his intentions or objectives in the Middle East that for the last 20 years have destroyed Afghanistan and Iraq, that has left expenses for 6 trillion dollars. Mr. Bolton is carrying out a failed policy, this type of policy will never reach the negotiating table.

Nonetheless, we usually have meetings with other signatories of the agreement, where we discuss mechanisms to establish trade in spite of the unilateral sanctions of the United States. Currently, Iran, along with other countries is implementing a financial mechanism of support to the commerce of Iran and other countries. It is taking all necessary steps to fully implement it.

Do you see a possible conflict (war) between the United States and Iran?

When there are military forces in a region along with military forces of the other side, and one sees that in the United States, there are people that support drums of war, that possibility can’t be ruled out. But there are also other logical aspects that say that a war will not be allowed. Our view on this is that United States is not ready for a possible attack on Iran. We all know that a possible attack on Iran is a big risk for our region and for the whole world. They may think that the start of the war may occur, but the end of the war is not determined by them.

The international press published these last days that the United States would need 112,000 soldiers and the air bases of their allied countries to destroy Iran. What is your take on that?

I think that if that analysis were to be true, they would have acted a long time algo. Those are all empty analisis that the United States is using. Don’t take it seriously.

How long could Iran resist the economic measures and sanctions imposed on it by the United States and therefore by some European countries?

We have already been resisting and combating these sanctions for 40 years now. For 40 years, the United States has been laying bricks to build the wall of its blockade against Iran, during this time this wall has fallen apart various times.

I do not want to deny that oil exports have reduced, due to the fears that buyers have to buy Iranian oil. But there are thousands of ways to continue exporting the way we have so far, we think that the world is big and many other countries will not allow US energy hegemony to work.

If it were true that oil was eliminated from the market, we would already have a high price of crude oil. Since they have not found a replacement for Iran’s oil, it means that Iranian oil is still being sold. We have always had legal ways to sell oil.

On Sunday, May 19, 2019, US President Donald Trump warned Iran to “never” threaten his country again and indicated that if Tehran wants to fight them it will be its “official end”. In response to the recent anti-Iranian tweet from the US president, Foreign Minister of Iran, Mohammad Javad Zarif, warned Trump to “never dare to threaten an Iranian”.

By Marco Antonio Bravo /

- Publicidad Bottom Ad -